文章摘要
从铂化合物制备尾液中回收超细铂粉的研究
Study on the recovery of ultrafine platinum powder from the tail solution of the preparation of platinum compounds
投稿时间:2023-04-25  
DOI:
中文关键词: 铂类化合物  制备尾液  还原剂  超细铂粉
英文关键词: platinum compounds  preparation of tail solution  reducing agent  ultrafine platinum powder
基金项目:云南省重大科技专项(202102AB080007)
作者单位
毕向光 昆明理工大学 冶金与能源工程学院昆明 650093
昆明贵研催化剂有限责任公司昆明 650106 
王文思 昆明贵研催化剂有限责任公司昆明 650106 
余泽锦 昆明贵研催化剂有限责任公司昆明 650106 
刘辉 昆明贵研催化剂有限责任公司昆明 650106 
冯丰 昆明贵研催化剂有限责任公司昆明 650106 
赵云昆 昆明贵研催化剂有限责任公司昆明 650106 
余建民 昆明贵金属研究所昆明 650106 
卿山 昆明理工大学 冶金与能源工程学院昆明 650093 
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中文摘要:
      将不同的铂化合物制备尾液经过氯化铵沉淀,实现与其他杂质元素的分离,将铂转化为氯铂酸铵中间体,经液相化学还原得到超细铂粉。研究了中间体形态、(NH4)2PtCl6溶液浓度、分散剂种类及加入量对铂粉粒度、比表面积、形貌的影响。结果表明,铂化合物尾液种类不影响超细铂粉的形貌及颗粒尺寸,以PVP为分散剂,硼氢化钠为还原剂,在优化条件下制备的铂粉平均粒度约150 nm,纯度99.99%,直收率97.8%,颗粒形貌均匀、分散程度高、比表面积及颗粒尺寸均符合超细铂粉国家标准,方法可用于从多种铂类化合物制备尾液直接制备超细铂粉。
英文摘要:
      To separate platinum from other impurity elements, ammonium chloride was used to selectively precipitate platinum in the state of ammonium chloroplatinate from the tail solution containing different platinum compounds. And then ammonium chloroplatinate was reduced via a liquid phase chemical reduction method to produce ultrafine platinum powder. The effects of chemical species of the intermediate, the concentration of (NH4)2PtCl6 solution, the type and amount of dispersants on the particle size, specific surface area and morphology of platinum powder were investigated. The results show that the morphology and particle size of the obtained platinum powder are not affected by the type of the tail solutions, and the average particle size of the powder prepared under the optimized conditions is about 150 nm and the purity is 99.99%. Therefore, the method developed in this study can be used for directly preparing ultrafine platinum powder from the tail liquid from the production process of various platinum compounds.
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