文章摘要
合成氨用钌催化剂研究进展
Advances in ruthenium catalysts for ammonia synthesis
投稿时间:2023-06-26  
DOI:
中文关键词: 电化学  钌基催化剂  合成氨  贵金属  氢化物
英文关键词: electrochemistry  ruthenium-based catalysts  ammonia synthesis  precious metals  hydride
基金项目:黑龙江省自然科学基金(LH2022E030)
作者单位
张雨晴 东北石油大学 化学化工学院黑龙江 大庆 163000 
朱友庄 中石油新疆石油工程有限公司乌鲁木齐 830000 
颜子龙 中石油华东设计院有限公司山东 青岛 266000 
李传玉 东北石油大学 化学化工学院黑龙江 大庆 163000 
闫超 东北石油大学 化学化工学院黑龙江 大庆 163000 
朱凌岳 东北石油大学 化学化工学院黑龙江 大庆 163000 
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中文摘要:
      传统的Haber-Bosch法合成氨工艺存在能耗大、污染严重等问题,低能耗、清洁绿色合成氨技术是当前研究热点。在清洁低碳背景下电化学还原合成氨是一种有效的固氮转化方法,其技术核心在于如何通过电化学催化剂的研究调控合成氨产率及电流效率。本文综述了不同氮源的合成氨机理及用于电化学合成氨钌基催化剂制备与改性的最新研究进展,对不同钌基催化剂的性能进行比较。综合分析催化剂形貌及尺寸的影响,钌金属、载体及助催化剂间协同作用,为理解电化学还原合成氨中钌的催化作用提供参考。
英文摘要:
      The traditional Haber-Bosch process for the ammonia synthesis suffers from high energy consumption and severe pollution. Therefore, developing a clean and green synthetic process has been the current research focus. Electrochemical reduction is such a method for nitrogen fixation and ammonia formation, with the core technology lying in how to improve the yield and current efficiency by using proper electrochemical catalysts. Based on literature analysis and summarization, a review was made in this paper on the advances in the ruthenium-based catalysts for the ammonia synthesis, including the synthesis mechanisms from different nitrogen sources, the preparation and modification of ruthenium-based catalysts and their performance. Influence of the catalyst morphology and size on the performance as well as the synergistic effects among ruthenium metal, support, and co-catalysts were also explored, with an aim to provide new perspectives for understanding the ruthenium catalytic process of electrochemical reduction synthesis of ammonia.
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